Organizational Resilience – How Do You Know If Your Organization Is Resilient or Not?

There are two principle ways to approach resilience measurement; either to try to collect information about as many functions as possible in an organization or to use an indicator that will reflect how an organization is going to manage an unexpected event. Read more

2016-10-05T09:02:56+00:00 Research, Resilience|


Improving efficiency may prove to be a harmful strategy in a global environment that is full of sudden twists, surprises, and shocks. In this situation decision makers have two alternative strategies; either invest in anticipation and thus be better prepared for changes – or surrender to uncertainty, and build success out of a risk environment. [...]

2016-10-05T05:23:46+00:00 Research, Resilience|


Theoretical research at The X-Center will encompass studies of how complexity science can be used to understand the foregoing diagram. This will entail developing a deeper understanding of the different notions of complexity applicable to specific social situations, how the mood of the population biases the events that actually occur from among the spectrum of [...]

2017-11-09T15:03:34+00:00 Complexity, Research|

Suomi Mood Indicator

Suomi Mood Indicator  Key questions being addressed: What is the dynamics of the society? How can we anticipate discontinuous shifts in the dynamics? What kinds of politics and communications is feasible in the current situation? Our collaboration partners are the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Interior of Finland. Also this project is conducted in [...]

2016-07-18T03:52:14+00:00 Research, Social Mood|

Extreme Events Results of the Study as part of the Human Society initiative at IIASA

This book serves as the final report of the Game Changers project lead by John Casti and coordinated by Leena Ilmola. The project was established towards the end of 2009 as a part of the Extreme Events in Human Society initiative at IIASA, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Austria). Download Report

2017-11-09T15:03:34+00:00 Research, Shocks|

Shocks and South Korea

Key questions being addressed: How to succeed in the world of surprises? What are the long-term national resilience requirements that emerge from the increasing uncertainties in the global physical and social environments? What kinds of concrete decisions decision makers should make now? Our collaboration partners in this project is Center for Strategic Foresight of the [...]

2016-07-18T04:05:42+00:00 Research, Shocks|

Social Mood

The social mood concept developed is based on four principal theoretical frameworks: Socionomics (Prechter 2003, Casti 2010) – how the social mood, the way a population feels about the future, biases and shapes the character and timing of social events, such as elections, political and social upheavals and economic trends (National Coordination Secretariat 2008, 143-168). [...]

2017-11-09T15:03:34+00:00 Research, Social Mood|

What Are X-Events?

Events that are: rare, surprising, and with large social impact Examples from Nature: Earthquakes, hurricanes, asteroid impacts, ice age Examples from Human Causes: Pandemic, nuclear holocaust, collapse of power grid

2016-07-18T04:15:29+00:00 Extreme Events, Research|

Seven Shocks – Finland – Project Outline

Seven Shocks – Finland Key questions being addressed: How can a small open national economy succeed in the world of surprises? Background IIASA/Xevents team has developed a unique methodology for analyzing external shocks and their potential impact on national competiveness. Seven Shocks project studied the special requirements the global economic system will set for Finland [...]

2017-11-09T15:03:34+00:00 Research, Shocks|